Table 1.3 Energy Consumption by Source, 1949-2003
(Quadrillion Btu)




Year
Fossil Fuels

Nuclear
Electric
Power

Hydro-
electric
Pumped
Storage
5
Renewable Energy 1

Electricity
Net
Imports




Total
4,6


Coal
Coal Coke
Net
Imports

Natural
Gas
2


Petroleum
3,4


Total
Conventional
Hydroelectric
Power
Wood,
Waste,
Alcohol
4,6


Geothermal


Solar


Wind


Total
1949 11.981 -0.007 5.145 11.883 29.002 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.425 1.549 NA NA NA 2.974 0.005 31.982
1950 12.347 0.001 5.968 13.315 31.632 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.415 1.562 NA NA NA 2.978 0.006 34.616
1951 12.553 -0.021 7.049 14.428 34.008 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.424 1.535 NA NA NA 2.958 0.007 36.974
1952 11.306 -0.012 7.550 14.956 33.800 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.466 1.474 NA NA NA 2.940 0.008 36.748
1953 11.373 -0.009 7.907 15.556 34.826 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.413 1.419 NA NA NA 2.831 0.007 37.664
1954 9.715 -0.007 8.330 15.839 33.877 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.360 1.394 NA NA NA 2.754 0.008 36.639
1955 11.167 -0.010 8.998 17.255 37.410 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.360 1.424 NA NA NA 2.784 0.014 40.208
1956 11.350 -0.013 9.614 17.937 38.888 0.000 [ 7 ] 1.435 1.416 NA NA NA 2.851 0.016 41.754
1957 10.821 -0.017 10.191 17.932 38.926 (s) [ 7 ] 1.516 1.334 NA NA NA 2.849 0.012 41.787
1958 9.533 -0.007 10.663 18.527 38.717 0.002 [ 7 ] 1.592 1.323 NA NA NA 2.915 0.011 41.645
1959 9.518 -0.008 11.717 19.323 40.550 0.002 [ 7 ] 1.548 1.353 NA NA NA 2.901 0.012 43.466
1960 9.838 -0.006 12.385 19.919 42.137 0.006 [ 7 ] 1.608 1.320 0.001 NA NA 2.929 0.015 45.087
1961 9.623 -0.008 12.926 20.216 42.758 0.020 [ 7 ] 1.656 1.295 0.002 NA NA 2.953 0.008 45.739
1962 9.906 -0.006 13.731 21.049 44.681 0.026 [ 7 ] 1.816 1.300 0.002 NA NA 3.119 0.002 47.828
1963 10.413 -0.007 14.403 21.701 46.509 0.038 [ 7 ] 1.771 1.323 0.004 NA NA 3.098 (s) 49.646
1964 10.964 -0.010 15.288 22.301 48.543 0.040 [ 7 ] 1.886 1.337 0.005 NA NA 3.228 0.007 51.817
1965 11.581 -0.018 15.769 23.246 50.577 0.043 [ 7 ] 2.059 1.335 0.004 NA NA 3.398 (s) 54.017
1966 12.143 -0.025 16.995 24.401 53.514 0.064 [ 7 ] 2.062 1.369 0.004 NA NA 3.435 0.004 57.017
1967 11.914 -0.015 17.945 25.284 55.127 0.088 [ 7 ] 2.347 1.340 0.007 NA NA 3.694 -0.001 58.908
1968 12.331 -0.017 19.210 26.979 58.502 0.142 [ 7 ] 2.349 1.419 0.009 NA NA 3.778 -0.002 62.419
1969 12.382 -0.036 20.678 28.338 61.362 0.154 [ 7 ] 2.648 1.440 0.013 NA NA 4.102 0.004 65.621
1970 12.265 -0.058 21.795 29.521 63.522 0.239 [ 7 ] 2.634 1.431 0.011 NA NA 4.076 0.007 67.844
1971 11.598 -0.033 22.469 30.561 64.596 0.413 [ 7 ] 2.824 1.432 0.012 NA NA 4.268 0.012 69.289
1972 12.077 -0.026 22.698 32.947 67.696 0.584 [ 7 ] 2.864 1.503 0.031 NA NA 4.398 0.026 72.704
1973 12.971 -0.007 22.512 34.840 70.316 0.910 [ 7 ] 2.861 1.529 0.043 NA NA 4.433 0.049 75.708
1974 12.663 0.056 21.732 33.455 67.906 1.272 [ 7 ] 3.177 1.540 0.053 NA NA 4.769 0.043 73.991
1975 12.663 0.014 19.948 32.731 65.355 1.900 [ 7 ] 3.155 1.499 0.070 NA NA 4.723 0.021 71.999
1976 13.584 (s) 20.345 35.175 69.104 2.111 [ 7 ] 2.976 1.713 0.078 NA NA 4.768 0.029 76.012
1977 13.922 0.015 19.931 37.122 70.989 2.702 [ 7 ] 2.333 1.838 0.077 NA NA 4.249 0.059 78.000
1978 13.766 0.125 20.000 37.965 71.856 3.024 [ 7 ] 2.937 2.038 0.064 NA NA 5.039 0.067 79.986
1979 15.040 0.063 20.666 37.123 72.892 2.776 [ 7 ] 2.931 2.152 0.084 NA NA 5.166 0.069 80.903
1980 15.423 -0.035 20.394 34.202 69.984 2.739 [ 7 ] 2.900 2.485 0.110 NA NA 5.494 0.071 78.289
1981 15.908 -0.016 19.928 31.931 67.750 3.008 [ 7 ] 2.758 2.590 0.123 NA NA 5.471 0.113 R 76.342
1982 15.322 -0.022 18.505 30.232 64.037 3.131 [ 7 ] 3.266 2.615 0.105 NA NA 5.985 0.100 R 73.253
1983 15.894 -0.016 17.357 30.054 63.290 3.203 [ 7 ] 3.527 2.831 0.129 NA (s) 6.488 0.121 R 73.101
1984 17.071 -0.011 18.507 31.051 66.617 3.553 [ 7 ] 3.386 2.880 0.165 (s) (s) 6.431 0.135 R 76.736
1985 17.478 -0.013 17.834 30.922 66.221 4.076 [ 7 ] 2.970 2.864 0.198 (s) (s) 6.033 0.140 R 76.469
1986 17.260 -0.017 16.708 32.196 66.148 4.380 [ 7 ] 3.071 2.841 0.219 (s) (s) 6.132 0.122 R 76.782
1987 18.008 0.009 17.744 32.865 68.626 4.754 [ 7 ] 2.635 2.823 0.229 (s) (s) 5.687 0.158 R 79.225
1988 18.846 0.040 18.552 34.222 71.660 5.587 [ 7 ] 2.334 2.937 0.217 (s) (s) 5.489 0.108 R 82.844
1989 19.070 0.030 19.712 34.211 73.023 5.602 [ 7 ] 2.837 3.062 0.317 0.055 0.022 6.294 0.037 R 84.957
1990 19.173 0.005 19.730 33.553 72.460 6.104 -0.036 3.046 2.662 0.336 0.060 0.029 6.133 0.008 R 84.668
1991 18.992 0.010 20.149 32.845 71.996 6.422 -0.047 3.016 2.702 0.346 0.063 0.031 6.158 0.067 R 84.595
1992 19.122 0.035 20.835 33.527 73.519 6.479 -0.043 2.617 2.847 0.349 0.064 0.030 5.907 0.087 R 85.949
1993 19.835 0.027 21.351 4 33.841 75.055 6.410 -0.042 2.892 4,R 2.803 0.364 0.066 0.031 R 6.156 0.095 4,R 87.578
1994 19.909 0.058 21.842 34.670 76.480 6.694 -0.035 2.683 2.939 0.338 0.069 0.036 6.065 0.153 89.248
1995 20.089 0.061 22.784 34.553 77.488 7.075 -0.028 3.205 3.068 0.294 0.070 0.033 6.669 0.134 91.221
1996 21.002 0.023 23.197 35.757 79.978 7.087 -0.032 3.590 3.127 0.316 0.071 0.033 7.137 0.137 94.224
1997 21.445 0.046 23.329 36.266 81.086 6.597 -0.041 3.640 3.006 0.325 0.070 0.034 7.075 0.116 94.727
1998 21.656 0.067 22.936 36.934 81.592 7.068 -0.046 3.297 2.835 0.328 0.070 0.031 6.561 0.088 95.146
1999 21.623 0.058 23.010 37.960 82.650 7.610 -0.062 3.268 2.885 0.331 0.069 0.046 6.599 0.099 96.774
2000 22.580 0.065 R 23.916 38.404 R 84.965 7.862 -0.057 2.811 2.907 0.317 0.066 0.057 6.158 R 0.115 R 98.905
2001 R 21.952 R 0.029 R 22.906 38.333 R 83.221 R 8.033 -0.090 2.201 R 2.640 0.311 0.065 0.068 R 5.286 0.075 R 96.378
2002 R 21.980 R 0.061 R 23.662 R 38.401 R 84.104 R 8.143 RP -0.088 RP 2.675 R 2.791 R 0.328 P 0.064 RP 0.105 RP 5.963 0.078 R 98.026
2003 P 22.707 P 0.051 P 22.507 P 39.074 P 84.338 P 7.973 P -0.088 P 2.779 P 2.884 P 0.314 P 0.063 P 0.108 P 6.150 P 0.022 P 98.156
1Electricity net generation from conventional hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind; consumption of wood, waste, and alcohol fuels; geothermal heat pump and direct use energy; and solar thermal direct use energy. 6"Alcohol" is ethanol blended into motor gasoline.
2Natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels that cannot be identified separately. 7Included in "Conventional Hydroelectric Power."
3Petroleum products supplied, including natural gas plant liquids and crude oil burned as fuel. Beginning in 1993, also includes ethanol blended into motor gasoline. R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.0005 and greater than -0.0005 quadrillion Btu.
4Beginning in 1993, ethanol blended into motor gasoline is included in both "Petroleum" and "Wood, Waste, Alcohol," but is counted only once in total consumption. Notes: See Table E1 for estimated energy consumption for 1635-1945. See Note 3, "Electricity Imports and Exports," at end of Section 8. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
5Pumped storage facility production minus energy used for pumping. Sources: Tables 5.12, 6.1, 7.1, 7.7, 8.1, 8.2a, 10.1, A4, A5, and A6.